Nuclear Proliferation

Nuclear Proliferation - Curtis 1 Morgan Curtis 17 October...

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Curtis 1 Morgan Curtis 17 October 2006 Bob Freysinger Pols 132: Introduction to International Relations “North Korea’s Role in Nuclear Proliferation” Nuclear Proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons to more countries or the enhancement of one’s own nuclear arsenal. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was established in 1968, and it created an outline for monitoring the spread of nuclear weapons and materials. The treaty called for countries that possess nuclear power to not transfer any nuclear weapons, technology, or information to a country that does not possess nuclear power. The treaty also states that nuclear countries cannot take steps toward enhancing their nuclear programs. Each member is also subject to inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency. In 1995 at the N.P.T. Review and Extension Conference more than 170 countries attended the conference where the treaty was renewed indefinitely. North Korea was one of many countries that signed the N.P.T; however, in 1993, North Korea withdrew from the N.P.T. North Korea’s non-compliance with the inspections by the I.A.E.A. led to its withdrawal from the treaty. This led to U.S. and North Korea talks that took efforts in reversing North Korea’s decision of withdrawing from the N.P.T. These talks led to an Agreed Framework in 1994. This Agreed Framework called for North Korea to stop its existing nuclear program and for the facilities to be inspected by the I.A.E.A.; and in turn, North Korea would gain economic support and safer energy reactors, compared to the nuclear reactors that were in place. The U.S. provided a great deal of funding to North Korea to maintain a non-
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Curtis 2 nuclear Korean peninsula. All the steps taken for a nuclear free North Korea were exhausted when in 2002 North Korea barred I.A.E.A. investigators, withdrew from the N.P.T. again, and restarted the Yongbyon nuclear power plant; after the U.S. confronted North Korea about a secret nuclear enrichment program. North Korea clearly has a desire to create a nuclear program and obtain nuclear weapons. There are pros and cons to the situation in North Korea. With the addition of nuclear weapons to North Korea’s military, there are many subsequent positive and negative affects to not only North Korea but the entire world. North Korea benefits in many ways from obtaining nuclear weapons. Economically, gaining a nuclear arsenal makes sense for North Korea. The country is extremely poor and does not have many assets that are desirable by the rest of the world, and the acquisition of nuclear weapons gives North Korea leverage in the international scene.
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