Chapter 3 Concentrates

Chapter 3 Concentrates - I. International Nomenclature...

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I. International Nomenclature International Feed Names Used in tables of feed composition. Nomenclature follows International Feed vocabulary. AAFCO: Association of American Feed Control Officials. Designate many names and definitions. International Feed Vocabulary Designed to give comprehensive name to each feed as concisely as possible.
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International Feed Vocabulary Give comprehensive name, concise as possible. Each feed name from description from 1 of 6 facets: Origin, consisting of scientific names, common. Part fed to animals as affected by the process(es). Process(es) and treatment(s) to which the part has been subjected to. Stage of maturity or development Cutting Grade
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A. Feed Classes 1. Dry forages and roughages 2. Pasture, range plants and forages fed fresh 3. Silages 4. Energy feeds 5. Protein supplements 6. Mineral supplements 7. Vitamin supplements 8. Additives Note: # is the feed class number used in IFN (International Feed Number).
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B. International Feed Number Each International Feed Name is assigned a 6 digit IFN. These #’s are link b/t Feed Names and chemical and biological data in US and world banks (databanks).
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C. International Feed Name 6 facets Descriptions are fixed.
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How To Find IFN Begin with the name of plant (wheat, barley) and name of animal.
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International Composition of Feeds (using table 3-2) See page 138 IFN begin with name of a plant or animal. Arranged alphabetically by feed class. First digit in IFN. Example: alfalfa, fresh IFN 2-10-196 Nutrient composition of 300 US and Canadian feeds 3-2A – 3-2F
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Carbonaceous Concentrates High energy feeds. Mostly feed grains and byproducts. According to International feed nomenclature, contain <20% protein and <18% fiber.
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Carbonaceous Concentrates 1. general nutrititive characteristics High Energy Low Fiber Low Protein Protein quality variable and usually low. Mineral Fair in P. Low Ca. Vitamin Low Vit D and Vit A activity (excluding yellow corn) High Thiamine Low Riboflavin, B12 and ppantothenic acid High Niacin (but bound or unavailable in pig) Fair Vit E Common additives to swine diets: B vitamins,
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Carbonaceous Concentrates: More Important Ones: Corn Sorghum Oats Barley Rye Wheat Triticale Molasses Corn cob meal Dried beet pulp Dried citrus pulp Animal fat dried bakery product Rice Roots, tubers Milling by-products
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Cereal Grains Cereal grains: Seeds if cultivated grasses. Primary energy sources Humans, Nonruminants
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Cereal grains 90% of human plant food supply derived from: Wheat, rice, corn, potato, barley, sweet potato, cassava, soybean, oat, sorghum, millet, rye, peanut, field bean, pea, banana, coconut Almost half of these: 8 major cereal grains: Wheat, rice, corn, barley, oats, rye, sorghum, millet 75% - wheat, rice, corn
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Chapter 3 Concentrates - I. International Nomenclature...

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