midterm notes

midterm notes - At the time of Columbus' arrival there were...

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Unformatted text preview: At the time of Columbus' arrival there were probably roughly 1,500,000 Indians The Portuguese were the first Europeans to promote overseas exploration and colonization The English lagged far behind in their colonization efforts 1607 the English settlement in Jamestown Motives for English colonization o Some hoped to discover the much-sought-after route to the Orient in North America. o English imperialists thought it necessary to settle in the New World in order to limit Spanish expansion John Rolfe harvested first first crop of a high-grade and therefore potentially profitable strain of tobacco Unlike the settlers of Massachusetts Bay, the Pilgrims chose to separate from the Church of England rather than to reform it from within. Pilgrim founders, led by William Bradford, Mayflower compact represented a one-sided arrangement, with the settlers promising obedience and the Pilgrim founders promising very little Founders of Plymouth lacked a charter o dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony o Pilgrims were always a minority in Plymouth The Navigation Act of 1660, a modification and amplification of a temporary series of acts passed in 1651, provided that goods bound to England or to English colonies, regardless of origin, must be shipped only in English vessels; that three-fourths of the personnel of those ships be Englishmen; and that certain enumerated articles, such as sugar, cotton, and tobacco, be shipped only to England, with trade in those items with other nations prohibited. In 1639 William Coddington, another dissenter in Massachusetts settled his congregation in Newport o unpopularity of Williams' views forced him to flee Massachusetts Bay for Providence in 1636 o Samuel Gorton banished from MA bay and settled in Shawomet (later renamed Warwick o These three joined with a fourth in Portsmouth o They all became one colony called Providence Plantation in Narragansett Bay The social and political structure of the middle colonies was more diverse than that of any other region in America By 1765 Boston had reached 15,000; New York City, 16,00017,000; and Philadelphia, the largest city in the colonies, 20,000. by 1765 there were 80,00090,000, with blacks outnumbering whites by about 2 to 1 Crops o New England turned its land over to the raising of meat products for export. o The middle colonies were the principal producers of grains o South did cash crops 1 st Great Awakening - A series of religious revivals that swept over the colonies in the...
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midterm notes - At the time of Columbus' arrival there were...

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