midterm notes 2

midterm notes 2 - History midterm PART I Essay #1 Major...

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History midterm PART I Essay #1 Major changes within political party system with both the rise of new parties and division amongst them. 1800 – Thomas Jefferson elected president Jefferson and Burr tied in the electoral college so the vote went to the House where Jefferson won Marked orderly transfer if power from Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans; peaceful revolution 1824 – Election of 1824 all 4 candidates from Dem-Rep party showing party system in disarray Jackson doesn’t receive a majority so House elects Adams and appoints Clay Sec. of State after endorsing Adams Clay’s “American System” called for national bank, public funding of canals and turnpikes, and high tariffs to protect domestic manufactures 1828 – Election of 1828 Jackson elected and represents “common man” ideals Jackson claims broad popular mandate to increase power of executive branch 1819 – Panic of 1819 Caused by Second Bank of U.S. clamping down on small local banks which couldn’t repay loans, debtors couldn’t meet obligations causing foreclosures Southern cotton planters felt contraction as people losing farmers couldn’t afford cloth Westward expansion and internal improvements. 1803 – Louisiana Purchase Jefferson agrees to pay $15 million for land from France Major westward migration in hope of more fertile land and better lives Louis and Clark expedition excites Americans about westward expansion for new opportunities, adventure, etc. Southern cotton planters rushed westward to find new land, expanding slavery to that territory New methods and improvements in transportation facilitated western movement and accelerated commerce Robert Fulton and the steamship (1807) allowed boats to travel upstream 10 times faster 1806 congressional authorization of Cumberland Road Land Act of 1820 allowed westerners to buy land westward cheaply Government legal and financial aid funded new roads, canals, steamboats New England becomes textile capital of the world Transformations in the work place led to wage workers working under a boss, which led to the poor free labor populations soon to develop in the industrialized cities Major increase in the institution of slavery. Invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney causes transformation in slavery
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cotton becomes major crop in world slaves treated poorly as dependants, population increase exponentially as the production of cotton increase African American culture begins to emerge: strong ties to nuclear family, rich oral and musical traditions Increases in slavery revived rice economy in South Resistant to slavery began to show with slaves refusing to work, running away, and even revolting 1819 – Missouri Compromise (Clay)– Missouri joins union as slave state, Maine as free, in future slavery prohibited lands north of latitude 36º30’ Increased tension with Britain and other foreign nations. 1807 – Embargo Act passed by Congress halting shipment of goods from US to Europe
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midterm notes 2 - History midterm PART I Essay #1 Major...

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