notes - 9-23The Ocean World and American HistorySummary of...

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Unformatted text preview: 9-23The Ocean World and American HistorySummary of BenderoHistories are taught in schools and brought into public discourse to forge and sustain national identities and they present the self-contained nation as the natural carrier of history (3).Ch. 1 Introduction oP. 15 22 is the introduction to the chapteroStarts off with a criticism of how textbooks portray the pre-history of the US, regardless of whether they start with Pilgrims or Native Americans. oHis whole point is that American History is not global enough starting with the native Americans is fine but we need to globalizeoThe proto-nationalist and linear narrative persists, shaped and misshaped by its teleological anticipation of the later emergence of the United States. Thus reduced, this early phase of American history loses much of its significance and capacity to explain later developments. And the usual story about settlement that follows discovery, contact, or invasion is not only linear but very narrowly channeled (15). Bender says history is much more complicated, it doesnt just go from point A to point BTeleology is the study of ultimate causation bender says this is bad because things are much more complicated than one single causeBender believes that history is not inevitable oOceanic Revolution (17-19)The world is an ocean and all its continents are islands (17) Revolutionary transformation of the ocean from a barrier into a connector of continents, a medium of the global movement of people, money, goods, ideas. This was such a big breakthrough because the ocean was an unknown thing and soon this Revolution began the age of sea power (19)Specific consequences1.) shifts world power from Afro-Eurasia World to Atlantic World2.) Flourishing of ideas / culture with new money in Europea.With all this new economic power from the ocean comes arts, technology, renaissance 3.) Spread of disease to Americas4.) New understandings of being human racial hierarchies (20) a.Ex. They faced people in the Americas that they had never faced before are they human Chapter ThesisoSee page 17oQuestionsHow can we better understand the enormity of the revolution that Bender is trying to convey?What would Diamond say about the significance of the Ocean Revolution for world history? How does Benders story about the Ocean Revolution unfold?oChapter Sections Introduction (15)The Island World (22)Going Global (28)People from the Sea (33)Atlantic Creoles (45)The Plantation Complex (53)Conclusion (59)Student notesoIsland WorldImpetus for these Atlantic European nations to catch up Greek Mapping technologyGreeks begun understanding the world by 3rdcentury BCEarly TradeAfro Eurasia trade has existed for centuriesMarginalized Mediterranean world Marco Polo and Ibn battutaImportance of early explorersImpact of the ottoman empireMediterranean and ottoman empire lose power...
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2009 for the course HIST 200gm taught by Professor Shammas during the Fall '05 term at USC.

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notes - 9-23The Ocean World and American HistorySummary of...

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