salt_strategy - 3 HClO 4 H 2 SO 4 2 KNOW strong bases LiOH...

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Salts that consist of the cations of strong bases and anions of strong acids have no effect on [H + ] when dissolved in water NaCl (s) + H 2 O (l) Na+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) H 2 O (l) H+ (aq) + OH- (aq)
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NH 4 Cl (s) + H 2 O (l) NH 4 + (aq) + Cl- (aq) NH 4 + (aq) NH 3 (aq) + H + H 2 O (l) H+ (aq) + OH- (aq) Salts whose cation is the conjugate acid of a weak base increases [H + ] when dissolved in water
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NaC 2 H 3 O 2 (s) + H 2 O (l) Na + (aq) + C 2 H 3 O 2 - (aq) C 2 H 3 O 2 - (aq) + H2O (l) HC 2 H 3 O 2 (aq) + OH - (aq) H 2 O (l) H+ (aq) + OH- (aq) Salts whose cation has neutral properties and whose anion is the conjugate base of a weak acid, increase [OH - ] when dissolved in water
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Problem solving strategy 1. KNOW (memorize?) strong acids: HCl, HBr, HI, HNO
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Unformatted text preview: 3 , HClO 4 , H 2 SO 4 2. KNOW strong bases: LiOH, NaOH, KOH, RbOH, Ca(OH) 2 , Sr(OH) 2 , Ba(OH) 2 Problem solving strategy 3. WEAK ACIDS: K w <K a < (1) Problem solving strategy 3. WEAK BASES: K w <K b < (1) Problem solving strategy 5. Conjugate bases of weak acids are weak bases 6. Conjugate acids of weak bases are weak acids 7. Alkali metal ions (Li + , Na + , K + , Rb + , Cs + ) have no acid-base properties in water 8. Conjugate bases of strong acids (Cl-, Br-, I-, NO3-, ClO 4-, HSO 4-) have no acid-base properties in water....
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