Summary of Articles2

Summary of Articles2 - Summary of Articles for COMM 245...

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Summary of Articles for COMM 245 Final Exam (Since the Midterm) 1. Social Networks and Online Community-Haythornthwaite a. Reviews gemeinschaft (community-strong ties) and gesellschaft (society-people live together but have no ties) b. Conclusions: Not all networks constitute community-community requires relation of emotional and social support but it does not matter if it is online or offline i. Community members benefit from the network 2. Chapter 2: Sharing Anchors Community-Shirky a. Birthday paradox-rapidly rising number of pairs i. Shows how difficult it is to find agreement between group members-as the group grows it is difficult to interact directly with each group member b. When trying to reach a diffuse group you face the same problem advertisers face which is how do you reach the people you want to without broadcasting to everyone? c. Coasean logic-small decreases in transaction costs make businesses more efficient because the constraints of the institutional dilemma gets less severe. Large decreases in transaction costs create activities that can’t be taken on by businesses because no matter how cheap it is to perform there isn’t enough payoff to support the cost incurred. d. Cooperation is harder than sharing and the simplest form of it is conversation 3. Communication of Social Support in CMC for People with Disabilities-Braithwaite and Waldron a. Study done like the blog we had to do they coded 1,472 messages to see how people with disabilities participated in CMC support group i. Largest amount of messages offered emotional and informational support ii. Support groups have both disabeled people and caregivers in them b. Advantages of online support groups are: i. They can help people with mobility-related challenges overcome that ii. People who have physical or communication-related barriers can still participate iii. Potentially great number of participants from whom information and perspectives may be drawn. iv. Large numbers of people who provide and promote a sense of universality and community v. Can provide a learning opportunity for others who are not members but would benefit c. Results found that the messages fell into 5 categories: i. Information ii. Tangible assistance iii. Esteem support
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iv. Network support v. Emotional support d. Frequency was in the following order: i. Emotional support messages (40% of messages) informational support (31.7%) esteem support (18.6%) network support (7.1%) tangible assistance(2.7%) e. Disadvantages of CMC support groups i. People don’t know the effects of bad encounters 1. Most groups don’t have rules and are not monitored 2. Anonymity causes people to not hold back so they might be overly mean, rude or too brutally honest ii. Members may receive misinformation 1. Ethics and safety issues 2. Groups might be addictive 3. Only available to people who can afford computers and know how to work them 4. Effects of Internet Use and Social Resources on Changes in Depression-Bessiere, Kiesler, Kraut and Boneva a.
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