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Fundamental Concepts Chapter 1

Fundamental Concepts Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Fundamental...

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Chapter 1: Fundamental Concepts Motor Development Understanding the processes by which movement control and coordination emerge is fundamental to understanding how we live Continuous change in motor behaviour throughout life (i.e., sequential ) Orderly and irreversible Interaction among the biology of the individual , requirements of the movement task , and the conditions of the environment Definition: sequential, continuous age-related process whereby movement behaviour changes - We move to get out of bed, to go to school, to play, to eat, to breathe… - Development is a continuous process of change in functional capacity à cumulative - Development is sequential change ~ result of interactions within the individual and interactions between individual and environment - Development is related to (BUT not dependent on) age - individuals don’t necessarily advance in age and advance in development at the same rate - Motor development = development of movement abilities Developmental change in movement behaviour and the factors underlying those changes Including process of change and movement outcome Periods of Change - Terminology -Embryo: conception - 2 mo. -Fetus: 3 mo. - birth -Infant: birth - 2 yr. -Toddler: 2 - 3 -Early Childhood: 2 - 6 -Late Childhood: 6 - 12 -Adolescence: 10 - 18 (girls); 12 - 18 (boys) -Adult: 18+ -Middle Age: 40 - 60 -Older Adult: 60+ Related Areas of Study Motor learning - relatively permanent gains in motor skill capability associated with practice or experience; i.e. related to experience rather than age (because age-related is motor development) Motor behaviour = motor + motor dev’t learning Use the term motor behaviour when don’t want to distinguish between motor development and motor learning, or when want to include both Motor development = continuous change in motor behaviour throughout life Motor control - the neural, physical, and behavioral aspects of movement that permit skilled and coordinated movements Related Terms Growth: Quantitative increase in size or body mass Maturation: Qualitative advance in biological makeup; Cell, organ, or system advancement in biochemical composition (vs size alone); development continues long after physical maturity is reached Aging: Process occurring with the passage of time, leading to loss of adaptability or full function and eventually to death Constraints
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