Unit 1 2016 - Whitney Parson InterContinental University...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 3 pages.

Whitney Parson InterContinental University January 11, 2016Unit 1
The Tropical Rain forest biome is located in Central and South America, South Asia, Africa and Australia. Rain fall varies widely from a low of about 250cm of rain per year to about 450cm a year. That means a range from about 8-14 feet of rain per year. Warm and wet describes the tropical rain forest climate. The average annual temperature is also 20 degrees Celsius there is never a frost. The tropical rainforest is a forest of tall trees in a region of year round warmth. It’s found in most equatorial areas. Tropical rainforest are one of the oldest biomes on the Earth and therefore have a great variety of animals living there. They are spread through many parts of the world. It has different types of animal’s species and plants as well.
Emergentare the tallest trees and are usually over 50 metres tall. The Kapok tree is an example of an emergent. The sea of leaves blocking out the sun from the lower layers is called the canopy. The canopy contains over 50% of the rainforest wildlife. This includes birds, snakes and monkeys. Lianas (vines) climb to the canopy to reach this sun light. The under canopy mainly contains bare tree trunks and lianas. The shrub layerhas the densest plant growth. It contains shrubs and ferns and other plants needing less light. Saplings of emergent and canopy trees can also be found here. The forest flooris usually dark and damp. It contains a layer of rotting leaves and deadanimals called litter. This decomposes rapidly (within 6 weeks) to form a thin humus, rich in nutrients.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture