“What is Genocide?” Martin Shaw notesChpt 1: The sociological crime
“What is Genocide?” Martin Shaw notesChpt 2: Genocide as social destruction and its connections with warRaphael Lemkin developed terminology and basis for understanding genocide. He got the UN to use Lenkin’s definition. Lemkin first came up with the idea in 1933, proposing a draft law banning “barbarity” “the premeditateddestruction of national, racial, religious and social collective”” and “vandalism” destruction of works of arts/culture being the expression of the particular genius of these collectives. Lemkin aimed to define a general crime that was more than the individual types of violent or repressive action.Barbarity and vandalism were international crimes. Lemkin was searching for a term and a law that grouped together a whole class of violent and humiliating actions against members of collectives. Lemkin’s solution was introduced in Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. Genocide greek Genos (race/tribe) cide (killing)Lemkin warned against narrow interpretations. Lemkin made clear that genocide refers generally to “immediate” destruction in the sense of mass killings of all members of a nation.The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime and Genocide emphasized on physical destruction for definition of genocide:Killing members of the groupCausing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group
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- Fall '09
- Reporting, Raphael Lemkin, Martin Shaw