COCONUT INDUSTRY PROFILEI.INDUSTRY OVERVIEWCoconut production constitutes one of the fourmajor sectors of Philippine agriculture, the othersbeing rice, corn and sugar. About 85% of coconutproduction is exported in the form of copra, coconut oil and dessicatedcoconut.The coconut industry is a dominant sector of Philippine agriculture.The country has the world’s widest geographical area planted to coconut.Of the 12 million hectares of farmlands, 3.1M hectare is devoted tococonut and 68 out of 79 provinces are coconut areas. The AutonomousRegion in Muslim Mindanao(ARMM) has a land area of 284,223 hectaresplanted with coconuts with over 32M coconut bearing trees and 88,956documented coco farmers.Of the five (5) provinces of ARMM, the province of Basilan has thebiggest coconut areas with 67,763 hectares, followed by Sulu with 66,902hectares, then the province of Maguindanao with 63,122 hectares, Lanaodel Sur with 55,150 hectares and Tawi-Tawi with 40,056 hectares (PCA-BAS).II.PRODUCT/ COMMODITY DESCRIPTIONBotanically speaking, a coconut (cocos nucifera) is a fibrousone-seeded drupe, also known as a dry drupe. However, when usingloose definitions, the coconut can be all three: a fruit, a nut, and aseed.The term coconut pertains to the fruit while the tree is called acoconut palm. It belongs to the Arecaceae palm family and can grow up to6 meters tall. Called the "tree of life" in the Philippines, all parts of the palmhas uses -nothing is wasted even at the end of its fruit bearing years.. As aresult, coconuts can produce drink, fiber, food, fuel, utensils, musicalinstruments, building material and many more.The wonderful fruit of the coconut palm is rich in specific fats thathave incredible health benefits. It boosts immunity, kills bacteria andviruses, protects against cancer and other degenerative diseases,prevents osteoporosis by promoting calcium absorption, slows downageing and improves the complexion. It even helps weight loss!
In the advent of the entry of palm oil in the country, many thoughtthat coconut industry is now a “sundown industry” due to anti-coconut oilcampaign (health hazard) by soybean, corn and canola lobby groups inUSA and European Union. But, with the emergence of non-traditionalcoconut products like virgin coco oil, cochin oil, geotextile and flour, theindustry is now on the rise.
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Coconut, Philippine Coconut Authority, coconut products, Coconut Area