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World Wide Web was invented by Sir Tim Berners.docx - World...

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World Wide Web was invented by Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1989, in a span of 30 years, and has had ahuge impact on online learning opportunities, which were only further enhanced by the increase inhigh-speed internet technology. Studies conducted within the last decade or so have documented aspurt in the growth of online learning. The percentage of undergraduate enrolment in at least oneonline learning course grew from 8% in 2000 to 20% in 2008 (Radford & Weko, 2011). A 2013EDUCAUSE Center for Analysis and Research (ECAR) study of e-learning in higher education, involvingmore than 80% of institutions reported a similarly high rate of growth where several courses wereoffered online with more than half offering a considerable number of whole programs online(Bischel, 2013). Further, an annual survey involving more than 2800 higher education institutionscarried out by Babson College's Arthur M. Blank Center for Entrepreneurship (Allen & Seaman, 2014)found that the number of students taking at least one online course soared by 411 thousand to 7.1million students in 2013 (Van Rooij & Zirkle, 2017). In Malaysia, like many countries around theworld, the Movement Control Order (MCO) was enforced to flatten the curve of the spread of Covid-19. The Ministry of Higher Education announced that all public and private universities in Malaysiaare to conduct teaching and learning activities via online learning until the end of December 2020(Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education, 2020). The academic fraternity were very resilient, quick toadapt and proactive in overcoming the challenges presented by MCO. Lessons, projects, groupswork, presentations and assessment were all prepared within two weeks and carried out with the aidof technology. Although it is undeniable that online learning is deemed the best solution to ensurecontinuity in learning in the era of what has been coined the “new norm”, there may be somesetbacks such as lack of human touch such as sensing students’ incomprehension via facialexpressions, cracking small jokes to enlighten mood, student engagement and interaction which canbe done more effectively in traditional face to face learning. The absence of social interaction and theinability to form study groups previously enjoyed by students are also some of the challenges theynow have to contend with.As part of the epidemic control decisions, the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) of Malaysia madethe decision to halt all face-to-face lectures and urged every higher education provider to prepare foronline learning. As a main alternative to the traditional face-to-face pedagogical approach, manylocal universities, developed online learning teaching and learning protocols. This includes revisingthe course content, delivery, and assessment approaches, whilst maintaining the course objectives.

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Term
Fall
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Tags
E learning, History of education, Learning management system, MCO

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