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3. Early vs. Late

3. Early vs. Late - Early State Formation Britain and...

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Early State Formation: Britain and France ( post war settlement: reference to how class conflict is resolved in various cases and how the patterns of consensus which emerge in the post war period, corporatism: how relations between labor and business are managed) \ State formation Industrialization \ Early Late Early GB ex. Belgium Late France Ger. Italy - Patterns: Unitary vs. Composite . Great Britain: Unitary state w/ one legislature until 1997. From then, legislature given to Scotland and Whales but Great Britain is not a federal state because it retains the power to dismantle these parliaments. Unitary state in its period of political dvlpt. Also known as a composite state or a union state to recognize that once composed of kingdoms. Thus, peculiar pattern of dvlpt. It emerges progressively politically and legally. In Whales, in 1485 first phase of incorporation into royal household and in 1536 it is administratively incorporated: the Welsh recognize the existence of one and only one parliament. In Scotland, in 1603 marks the union of the crowns, first phase of incorporation. In 1707, Scotland gives up its legislature and recognizes single shared political organization. In Scotland, certain sorts of institutions are allowed to survive such as education, religion and law. Whereas Wales is more thoroughly integrated: no formal recognition of state institutions. Political and religious settlement of Protestantism, but it is expressed different in these different parts. England tends to be more Anglican, Wales non-conformist and Scotland Presbyterian. Ireland: in 1530s, first English colony. In which crown encourages settlement in Ireland by granting large blocks of land to military and Scots: division of labor in countryside w/ landowners which tend to be protestant whereas the working class tends to be Catholic. In 1800 – active union consolidates political control over Ireland: Abolition of Irish parliament & creation of special Office of Lord Lieutenant to recognize explicitly that Ireland had to be treated differently from Whales and Scotland because Ireland was a Catholic society and the active union followed the Irish rebellion where sought common cause
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w/French Republican Value. Lord Lieutenant created to administer Irish affairs to continue treating it like a colony. Issue that motivated radical nationalists in Ireland was Republic. Weren’t willing to accept monarchy. Irish nationalists wanted Irish unity in the negotiation. Wanted to keep Ireland intact politically. BUT a part of Ireland was separated into the Republic of Ireland. Ireland was separated in 1921: 6 counties in North were unwilling to go either as a Republic or a dominion. Northern Ireland remains a part of UK. Political pb in N. Ireland: unresolved issue and political relations in the North between Catholics and Protestants. Catholics were demographic majority but political office tended to be dominated by protestants.
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