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Unformatted text preview: Post-war settlements and break- downs 1945-1970 Class alignments (political expressions) and Post war settlements: labour included/excluded Distinctive problems: Germany, UK, F rance and I taly Each cases develops distinctive post-war settlement. Because starting point in 1945 different in different ways, the break downs are different as well. Different political expressions in different national settings. When post-war settlements change, at about the same time in all cases: 1945-70s. Politics is not completely transformed but new kinds of issues emerge: distinctive pb in each case. Each distinctive pb: - W. Germany : too much consensus in politics as a consequence of 1966 politics formed from collation gvt including Christian democratic union (major party on right) and social democratic party (dominant party on left) : “GRAND COALITION”. Rare to see a coalititon of left and right. Political opposition in party system becomes difficult to express. Interest in extra-parliamentary opposition organized outside of party system Impetus for this movement was political pb of too much consensus. But this opposition became seedbed for Green movement in Germany. Move to ecological movement and eventually to green party (1 st in European politics).- UK: election slogan used by conservative who governs England? Party in power or trade unions? Became an issue from political dynamics in 1960s. Labour party came to power in 1964 until 1969. Trade unions’ expectations that gvt will meet demands of increased labour. But to demonstrate ability to govern the entire nation, govern effectively and show independence from trade unions, has incentive not to accept these demands. Trade union began to fragment. Inability of labour party of controlling trade unions and meeting their W demands made it difficult for British economy to compete internationally. Changed internal structure of the Labor party. New party emerged from dissatisfied members of labour party who wanted a center-left party not dominated by trade unions. More importantly, this issue opened the door for Margaret Thatcher who took on explicitly as the main task of conservative party the disciplining and weakening trade unions in British politics- France: post-war settlement was organized in a too centralized set of political institutions. Ran on very close working relationships between business and the state. Created opposition expressed outside of parliament of key inst. centralized consensus: may-june 1968 mobilization in streets, esp. Paris by a coalition which has 3 constitutive elements. 1. Radical trade union militants: communists 2. University students 3. Extreme left-wing part: Anarchists and Maoists Mobilization took the form of a general strike and the occupation of factories and university campuses....
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course POLI 212 taught by Professor Meadwell during the Winter '08 term at McGill.
- Winter '08