5.Social democracy

5.Social democracy - Social Democracy and The Electoral...

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Social Democracy and The Electoral Dilemma Germany – Post war (PW) Settlement 1) De-Radicalization 2) Wage Restraint 3) “Chancellor Democracy” 4) State Regulation-Social Market Economy: importance of state regulation in the political economy in West Germany 5) Realignment-1970s-PM(Post Materialism) Germany: Classic labor included model it was massively defeated and economically and politically restructured. A lot of the legacies were wiped off. It has a peculiar post war settlement; lots of consensus from 1950-70s and realignment occurs in the 1970s, it takes a particular form: a post materialist form. Instead 2 kinds of issues dominate in Germany politics: 1 st , interest in ecological problems 2 nd an argument against the way in which German political a social life had become increasingly bureaucratized. You see a transition from the old left to the new left. Deradicalization occurs relatively early: talk of the politics of the social democratic party in Germany. It is the first party on the left which explicitly agrees to maintain capitalism and to abandon its support for public ownership of industry; abandons nationalization of industry as a goal…in 1958. What this signals an attempt of the party to move towards the middle. A consequence of the battle within the party won by the pragmatists, it is designed to increase popular support in the elections. The strategy works. In the mid 1960 the SPD forms a gvt in a coalition (part of a coalition gvt) and governs with the Christian Democratic Union, and they govern together until 1970. That period in power had a consequence for the SPD, and it showed that it was capable to form a gvt, and its participation legitimated its presence in German politics. Sine 1970, the SPD has been in power most of the time 1970-2008. It is usually in coalition with the Free Democratic Party (FPD) and sometimes in coalition with the Green Party. German pb was unique: too much consensus in politics, not enough opportunity to express opposition esp. in legislature. Consequence of how Germany reconstructed econ and
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politically in 1940 due to fear of some form of militarism in terms of foreign policy so encouraged stability and consensus. Key party was Christian democratic union, social democratic party that dominated politics through 60s and 70s. SPD was a party of permanent opposition – socialist in terms of political identity and strong commitment to nationalization of industry (relatively radical), which is first step toward removal of market economy. CDU was a cross-denominational party, known in imperial period and interwar period as the center party and exclusively catholic. But in part to encourage removal of religious conflict after WWII, the party was encouraged to include all. SPD maintains this commitment to nationalize industry. In party conference , gives up to
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5.Social democracy - Social Democracy and The Electoral...

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