PSY 121 Chapter 1 Notes - Psychology Notes Chapter 1...

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Psychology Notes Chapter 1 Thinking Critically With Psychological Science What is Psychology? PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE IS BORN Aristotle theorized about learning and memory, motivation, and emotion, perception, and personality. Wilhelm Wundt created an experiment measuring time lag between people’s hearing a ball hit a platform and their pressing a telegraph key. Wundt measured “atoms of the mind” the fastest and simplest mental processes. (This was considered psychology’s first experiment). Wundt was a philosopher and a physiologist. The first psychology PH.D was awarded to animal behavior researcher Margaret Floy Washburn. Until 1920, psychology was defined as “the science of mental life”. In the 1960’s, John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner redefined psychology as “the scientific study of observable behavior”. Humanistic Psychology- emphasized the growth potential f healthy people; used personalized methods to study personality in hopes of fostering personal growth. Cognitive Neuroscience- the study of brain activity underlying thought. Today psychology is defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Behavior is anything an organism does. Mental processes are internal, subjective experiences we infer from behavior. PSYCHOLOGY’S BIG QUESTION
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSY 121 taught by Professor Whisenhunt during the Spring '08 term at Missouri State University-Springfield.

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PSY 121 Chapter 1 Notes - Psychology Notes Chapter 1...

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