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Unformatted text preview: TURKEY IN BRIEF GENERAL INFORMATION Name Republic of Turkey Extension Approximately 780 thousand sq. kms Approximately 1,600 kms East to West; 650 kms North to South Population 70.7 million (as of 2005) Capital Ankara Language Turkish Religion 99% Muslim, 1% Orthodox Christians, Catholics, Protestants, and others. Turkey is a secular state where religious and state affairs are separated. National Anthem Istiklal Marsi (“The Independence Hymn”) National Flag White crescent moon and a star on a red background. Historical Outline 1299 : Establishment of the Ottoman Empire 1922: Fall of the Ottoman Empire 1923: Proclamation of the Republic of Turkey on October 29 (First President: Mustafa Kemal ATATURK) POLITICS Form of Government Republic (Established on October 29, 1923, by Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK, founder of modern Turkey) Turkey has been holding freely contested multi-party elections since 1946. Head of State President Abdullah Gul (elected as the eleventh president by the Turkish Grand National Assembly and assumed his duties on August 28th, 2007.) Legislature Unicameral system (550 seats / five-year term) Government Justice and Development Party (AKP), absolute majority government Prime Minister: Recep Tayyip Erdogan Foreign Minister: Ali Babacan ECONOMY Gross National Product $489,7 billion (2002 forecast) (Purchasing Power Parity) Currency New Turkish Lira (YTL) Per Capita Annual Income Approximately $ 7,300 (Purchasing Power Parity) OTHER FACTS ABOUT TURKEY • In terms of population, Turkey is the second largest country in Europe (after Germany), with 70 million people. In 2020, it is projected to be the most populous European country, with a population of 83 million. • Four million Turks live abroad. Of that number, almost 2.5 million live in Germany. • Geographically, Turkey straddles two continents, Europe in the west and Asia in the east. • The two continents are divided by the Istanbul and Dardanelles straits, which are located in Turkey. • Turkey is unique in being on the one hand Balkan and European, and on the other, Middle Eastern, Caucasian and Asian. It is also as much a Black Sea country as it is an Aegean and Mediterranean one. • Another unique aspect of Turkey is the fact that it is the only democratic, secular country among the Muslim nations of the Middle East. • In addition to being a pioneering country in the Islamic world, Turkey has also become fully integrated into Europe since 1923, when the Republic was established. She is a member of almost all European/European-related institutions, such as the Council of Europe, OSCE, NATO, OECD. Turkey has been an associate member of the European Union since 1963 and a candidate for full membership in the Union since 1999....
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course POLI 109 taught by Professor Newmann during the Spring '08 term at VCU.

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