bio lab report7 - Sheldon Pope Lab section L19 Plant...

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Sheldon Pope Lab section L19 11-15-07 Plant Cloning Introduction: Plant cloning is an advancement in science which allows people to play with the offspring of plants and to create new offspring asexually. Reproduction is the biggest feature in a living organism. All organisms either reproduce sexually or asexually. Sexually means that an egg is fertilized and meiosis occurs. Meiosis is the division of chromosomes, and fertilization unites the divided chromosomes by fusing the male and female gametes. Sexual reproduction ensures that the offspring is a mixture of genetics from the parent cells. Asexual reproduction is the cloning of an organism by using a set of chromosomes from its own cells without meiosis. This way the offspring receives all of its genes from the parent, therefore it is genetically identical to the parent. Plants are particularly easy to clone. Tissue cultures can be grown which is an example of cloning. In animals it is impossible to grow organs separate from the rest of the body but in plants it is able to be done. Cloning plants is especially important in the agricultural world.
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