Study Guide EX1

Study Guide EX1 - ANTH 200 SP08 GV STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1...

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ANTH 200 SP08 GV STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 Define the following terms: prokaryote eukaryote organelle nucleic acid (DNA/RNA) gene allele chromosome cell cycle DNA code mitosis meiosis dominant/recessive allele genotype phenotype principle of segregation principle of independent assortment Punnett’s square allele frequency simple trait complex trait autosomal/sex-linked inheritance poligeny pleiotropy microevolution macroevolution mutation (types of) genetic drift gene flow recombination fitness selection of complex traits (types of) species speciation (types of) gradualism punctuated equilibrium homology homoplasy apomorphy plesiomorphy Answer to the following questions: 1. What is anthropology? Which are the main area of interest of archaeology in general and physical anthropology in particular? 2. Describe the major steps of the scientific method.
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3. Describe DNA structure. Who discovered it? When? What are DNA replication and protein synthesis? How do these processes work? What are the characteristics of the DNA code?
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Study Guide EX1 - ANTH 200 SP08 GV STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1...

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