English 201 - Intro to Old English and Beowulf

English 201 - Intro to Old English and Beowulf - I. Old...

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I. Old English Language Indo-European languages – Germanic, Slavic, Celtic, Romantic Germanic – Northern Germanic (Old Norse), West Germanic, East Germanic (Gothic, extinct) West Germanic Low German (lowlands of north) High German (in highlands of south) Low German Old English and Old Frisian “Anglo-Saxon” – refers to Germanic tribes that invaded Celtic England, not usually used to refer to the language of Old English Saxons – north and west modern Germany Frisians – on the coast Angles – northern modern Denmark Jutes – southern Danish peninsula into Modern Germany Until 449 Romanized Celts were living in Britain Early 400’s Roman empire calls legions back to the headquarters – Britain loses Roman protection Raids begin from all Directions Germanic tribes bring: pagan belief system, runic alphabet; but still had some Roman influence by trading with Romans and working for Roman armies We have this history from Bede who, in the 7 th or 8 th century wrote an account of the Germanic migrations
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II. When was
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English 201 - Intro to Old English and Beowulf - I. Old...

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