English 201 - The Restoration and Milton

English 201 - The Restoration and Milton - The Restoration...

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The Restoration 1660-1688 1660 – Charles II restored to the English throne 1662 – London theatres reopened, after having been closed for 2 decades Signals the return of an aristocratic court to the center of English culture Restoration Theatre – to see the play and to be seen by others Reign of Charles II (1660-1685) and of James II (1685-1688) I. Culture of fiction and falsehood, continual vying for power some opposition to the Restoration of the Stuart monarchy many feared the accession of James II, Charles’s Catholic brother pretended loyalties at court, betrayals, plots and counterplots Rumors of Popish Plot to incite fear - result in 1680’s Exclusion Crisis Secret invitations to William of Orange to take the throne Results in 1688 “The Glorious Revolution” II. Wit and satire earn favor at court a game of getting ahead by denigrating the competition manuscript circulation of poetry, demonstrating wit and rhetorical skill III. Culture of excess, appetite, celebration of aristocratic freedoms Charles II and other nobles openly kept mistresses Celebration of the monarchy through displays of wealth Restoration theatre and literature reflects culture of disguise, mystery, intrigue, sexual appetite Fate of supporters of Cromwell under Charles II
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English 201 - The Restoration and Milton - The Restoration...

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