Lecture 08 28 2013 - Democratic Republic Totalitarian...

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Democratic Republic Totalitarian Regime Direct Democracy Republic Sovereign power rests with the people Democratic Republic – U.S. Representative Democracy (Britain still has a King)
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Political Ideologies Conservatism Belief in limited government Dominant in the Republican Party Right [Wing] Liberalism Belief in government to improve welfare of individuals Influential in Democratic Party Left [Wing]
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Constitution Supreme Law of the Land Created 3 branches of government System of checks and balances Pages 33 of text book
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Three Branches of Government Legislative (Congress) Draft laws (bills) Senate (2 senators from each state) House of Representatives (based on population) Executive (President and his/her Cabinet sign bills into law – veto legislation Judicial (Courts) enforce and interpret the laws
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ELECTIONS “Winner Takes All” Contrast to Parliamentary system of guaranteed representation based on % of vote Prime minister is party in Parliament with most representation
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ELECTIONS Presidential (every four years) 2000 Bush, 2004 Bush, 2008 Obama, 2012 Obama Mid-Term (every two years) Congressional seats open Senate serves six years Approx 1/3 chosen every two years House serves two years
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Interest Groups and Political Parties
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