Civil Liberties & Civil Rights - Civil Liberties Civil...

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Civil Liberties & Civil Rights R.A.V. v. St. Paul (MN)
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Civil Liberties & Civil Rights Civil Liberties : Protected Personal Freedoms religion, speech, etc. Civil Rights : 14 th Amendment “Equal Protection Under the Law” Guarantees that the privilege of U.S. citizenship is the same for all and that all persons are granted due process
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R.A.V. vs. St. Paul 1990 Cross Burning in Dayton’s Bluff Neighborhood, St. Paul, MN St. Paul, MN, City Ordinance: “Hate Crimes” Ed Cleary – Attorney who challenged statute Stating it violated 1 st Amendment guarantee of political expression Journey of case to the Supreme Court
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R.A.V. v. St. Paul Civil Liberties (FREEDOM) Constitutionality of City Statute Law written to punish political expression rather than acts of criminal conduct Freedom of speech/expression at stake Civil Rights (EQUALITY) 14 th Amendment – Equal Protection Clause States and cities obligated to ensure equal treatment How did Supreme Court rule?
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Civil Liberties Individual freedoms guaranteed by Constitution: speech, press, religion Protection from governmental intrusion into our private lives Decided mostly in Court
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Civil Rights Original Constitution did not guarantee equality- slavery 14 th Amendment Governmental guarantees against discrimination President, Congress and the Supreme Court
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14 th Amendment All persons born or naturalized in the United States……are citizens …..No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges and immunities of the United States, nor shall any State deprive any person of life liberty or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within it’s jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws
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