History 152 - Lecture 20

History 152 - Lecture 20 - Lecture # 20 The Civil Rights...

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Lecture # 20 The Civil Rights Movement I. The 1950’s A. Brown vs. The Board of Education – combination of five different law suits i. Oliver Brown, a welder in Topeka Kansas, filed suit had to bypass a white school just 7 blocks from their home, to attend a black school more than a mile away. ii. In Virginia, sixteen year old Barbara Johns walked out of her school and 450 students followed her. iii. The lead lawyer for the NAACP was future Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall who urged the court to turn over the 1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson which had created the separate but equal situation. iv. Supreme court gave a unanimous decision. v. Court established the law, but gave no guidelines as to how it should be accomplished. vi. Eisenhower, a status quo president, did not bother to enforce the new law. B. Little Rock, Arkansas i. September 1957, local officials prepared for the integration of Central High School ii. Governor Orval Faubus sent the Arkansas National Guard to block the enrollment of 9 black students, claiming that their presence would disrupt public order. iii.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HIST 152 taught by Professor Kwasny during the Winter '07 term at Ohio State.

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History 152 - Lecture 20 - Lecture # 20 The Civil Rights...

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