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History 152 - Lecture 23

History 152 - Lecture 23 - The Sixties I The Home Front War...

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The Sixties: I. The Home Front War A. Early after his first election, Johnson began to face a war on two fronts: Vietnam and his own people. B. Images of the carnage of the war were channeled right into people’s homes: The first war with such images C. It was called “living-room war. D. In April, 1965, SDS recruited 20,000 people for the first protest rally in Washington D.C. E. SDS (Students for a Democratic Society) chapters sprang up on more than 300 college campuses. F. In 1967 MLK rebuked the American government “the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today,” calling opposition to the war “the privilege and burden of all of us who deem ourselves bound by allegiances and loyalties which are broader and deeper than nationalism.” G. Opposition to the war took many forms: letter writing campaigns to officials, teach-ins on college campuses, mass marches, student strikes, withholding federal taxes, draft card burnings, civil disobedience against military centers, and even attempts to stop trains carrying troops. H. Peace movement was never the majority, but it brought attention to the war and pressured Johnson’s options. I. Those who did not fight: Mohammed Ali was stripped of his heavyweight title when he refused to fight in what he called a “white man’s war.” J. 60,000 fled the draft and 200,000 were accused of failing to register or committing other draft offenses K.
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