History 152 - Lecture 24

History 152 - Lecture 24 - Lecture # 24: The Civil Rights...

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Lecture # 24: The Civil Rights of the 60’s I. Johnson’s war on poverty A. Johnson declared a war on poverty and would have been remembered for it had it not been for Vietnam B. Number of impoverished Americans fell from 40 million in 1959 to25 million in 1968; from 20% of population to 13%. C. African Americans income grew from 54% of white income to 61%, whites got out of poverty faster than blacks who constituted 1/3 of the nations poor. D. II. African Americans income grew from 54% of white income to 61%, whites got out of poverty faster than blacks who constituted 1/3 of the nations poor. II. Civil Rights Part II A. In April 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. launched a campaign in Birmingham Alabama to integrate public facilities and open up jobs for African Americans. B. In response to the demonstrations, Birmingham’s police chief, Eugene “Bull” Connor let loose with police dogs, electric cattle prods, and high pressure hoses. C. Hundreds of demonstrators, including children went to jail. D. Bombs exploded at King’s hotel and his brother’s house. Four months later a bomb exploded at a church, killing four black girls who were attending Sunday School. E. In August 1963 250,000 people gathered in the nation’s capital. He spoke from the Lincoln Memorial and used the Bible, old Negro spirituals and the nation’s patriotic anthems in his most famous, “I have a dream speech.” F. Euphoria of the march passed as the activists returned South G. In 1964 a thousand activists tried to get blacks to register. Opposition was intense, by the end of
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History 152 - Lecture 24 - Lecture # 24: The Civil Rights...

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