engr498_law_notes (1) - Laws Reflect a Religion b History c Culture d Economics(Capitalism Our laws are an enforceable set of rules by which society

engr498_law_notes (1) - Laws Reflect a Religion b History c...

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Laws Reflect: a) Religion b) History c) Culture d) Economics (Capitalism) Our laws are “an enforceable set of rules by which society governs itself internally” Laws are made to control a group of people. Reasons for Law: - control behavior - set of rules for people in society - predictability (PRECENDENT) Death penalty was abolished in Canada 20-25 years ago. (1976) We elect Parliament and Provincial Legislature and they make laws. We also elect municipal governments, who make by-laws. Federal and Provincial gov’t make STATUTES. Judges claim they don’t make law, they just translate or interpret the laws set out. They get their power to interpret laws from the Constitution. 1791 ~ Divided areas of Ontario and Quebec after battle at the Plains d’Abraham Ontario Upper Canada Quebec Lower Canada 1840 ~ Act of Union brought these two areas together (Province of Canada) 1864 ~ Charlottetown Conference ~ Quebec City Conference 1866 ~ London Conference Canada: 1869 ~ Ontario, Quebec, NB, NS (Constitution) 1870 ~ Manitoba and NWT 1871 ~ BC 1873 ~ PEI 1898 ~ Yukon 1905 ~ AB and SK 1949 ~ NFLD and Labrador 1999 ~ Nunavut House of Commons 301: Elected Senate 105: Appointed (by Governor General on advice from Prime Minister) 24 Ontario 24 Quebec 24 Maritime Provinces (NS, NB, PEI) 24 Western Provinces (BC, AL, SK, MB)
The Canadian supreme court only hears cases that have been brought up through the ranks.

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