Laws Reflect:a)Religionb)Historyc)Cultured)Economics (Capitalism)Our laws are “an enforceable set of rules by which society governs itself internally”Laws are made to control a group of people.Reasons for Law:-control behavior-set of rules for people in society-predictability (PRECENDENT)Death penalty was abolished in Canada 20-25 years ago. (1976)We elect Parliament and Provincial Legislature and they make laws. We also elect municipal governments, who make by-laws.Federal and Provincial gov’t make STATUTES.Judges claim they don’t make law, they just translate or interpret the laws set out. They get their power to interpret laws from the Constitution.1791 ~ Divided areas of Ontario and Quebec after battle at the Plains d’AbrahamOntarioUpper CanadaQuebecLower Canada1840 ~ Act of Union brought these two areas together (Province of Canada)1864 ~ Charlottetown Conference~ Quebec City Conference1866~ London ConferenceCanada:1869~ Ontario, Quebec, NB, NS(Constitution)1870~ Manitoba and NWT1871~ BC1873~ PEI1898~ Yukon1905~ AB and SK1949~ NFLD and Labrador1999~ NunavutHouse of Commons 301: ElectedSenate105: Appointed (by Governor General on advice from Prime Minister)24Ontario24Quebec24Maritime Provinces (NS, NB, PEI)24Western Provinces (BC, AL, SK, MB)
The Canadian supreme court only hears cases that have been brought up through the ranks.