Stephen and Paul Krausman tell us that the American Black bear, or Ursus
americanus is a very important and unique creature.
Out of the eight species of all bears,
black bears are the most common.
They are able to survive in a variety of habitats, have a
successful body structure, and carry out some odd and complex behaviors.
always been considered an essential species, especially to the Native Americans.
and Krausman discuss how American Indians used the bear as an object of worship in
rituals, and used essentially every part of the animal for clothing, tools, and cooking.
white settlers first came to America the black bear became a common trade item, and the
balance the Native Americans had with the bear population was destroyed by unregulated
trade, timber harvest, agriculture, railroads, and overhunting.
Today, through the creation
of National parks, forests, and refuges, the black bear has been able to recover.
-rounded ears, coarse dark fur, almost no tail
- Cinnamon brown or black in color with brown muzzle and occasional a white chest
- Males: 54-70 inches in length and 250-500 lbs.
Females: 47-59 inches in length and 110-
- Keen sense of smell, some color vision, able to stand on hind legs, able to run over 50
kilometers per hour for short distances, able to swim bodies of water 10-15 kilometers
- Omnivores and seasonal diet