Bear Fact Sheet - Stephen and Paul Krausman tell us that...

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Stephen and Paul Krausman tell us that the American Black bear, or Ursus americanus is a very important and unique creature. Out of the eight species of all bears, black bears are the most common. They are able to survive in a variety of habitats, have a successful body structure, and carry out some odd and complex behaviors. Bears have always been considered an essential species, especially to the Native Americans. Demarais and Krausman discuss how American Indians used the bear as an object of worship in rituals, and used essentially every part of the animal for clothing, tools, and cooking. When white settlers first came to America the black bear became a common trade item, and the balance the Native Americans had with the bear population was destroyed by unregulated trade, timber harvest, agriculture, railroads, and overhunting. Today, through the creation of National parks, forests, and refuges, the black bear has been able to recover. Body Structure (Demarais) : -rounded ears, coarse dark fur, almost no tail - Cinnamon brown or black in color with brown muzzle and occasional a white chest - Males: 54-70 inches in length and 250-500 lbs. Females: 47-59 inches in length and 110- 450 lbs. - Keen sense of smell, some color vision, able to stand on hind legs, able to run over 50 kilometers per hour for short distances, able to swim bodies of water 10-15 kilometers Diet (Dewey) : - Omnivores and seasonal diet
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course ENIVRON SC FS 101 taught by Professor Bowden during the Fall '08 term at Allegheny.

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Bear Fact Sheet - Stephen and Paul Krausman tell us that...

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