Psych 100 Test 3 notes

Psych 100 Test 3 notes - Psych 100 Test 3 11/18/2007...

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Psych 100 Test 3 18/11/2007 20:01:00 Some pointers: review all of the notes, its almost all memorization. Oh and theres a question about meditation that I didnt know. Read that section, and hypnosis, read that too. make sure you memorize all of the notes even the subnotes that go under the main points. hope this helps. Have a happy thanksgiving!!! (15) Hypnosis and Meditation Hypnosis- a trancelike state of heightened susceptibility to the suggestions of others. People do not lose all of their will. In some aspects they are asleep and in others their behavior contradict the notion. People will not reveal hidden truths about self and are capable of lying. People cannot be hypnotized against will. 5-20% cant be hypnotized, 15% easily people who are hypnotized easily are absorved slo while reading ,listening to music, unaware of surroundings and daydreaming Meditation- a learned technique for refocusing attention that brings about an altered state of consciousness Often involves mantra- a repeated word or sound or syllable Concentrate to become unaware of outside stimulation and reach diff state of consciousness Feel relaxed after Improve health: oxy use decr, heart rate and blood pressure decline, brain-wave patterns change Ineffability- the inability to understand an experience rationally or describe it in words (44) Social Cognitive Social cognitive approaches to personality: theories that emphasize the influence of a person’s cognitions—thoughts, feelings, expectations, and values—as well as observation of other’s behavior in determining personality
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-People can forsee the possible outcomes of certain behaviors in a particular setting without actually having to carry them out through observational learning -viewing the actions of others and observing the consequences -The personality develops through the repeated observation of the behavior of others - Self-efficacy belief in one’s personal capabilities. Self-efficacy underlies people’s faith in their ability to carry out a particular behavior or produce a desired outcome -Social cognitive approaches are distinctive in their emphasis on the reciprocity between individuals and their environment. - self-esteem is the component of personality that encompasses our positive and negative self-evaluations Biological/ Evolutionary -biological and evolutionary approaches (to personality) theories that suggest that important components of personality are inherited -personality determined in part by our genes much like height. Evolutionary-personality traits that led to survival and reproductive success are more likely to be preserved -social potency (degree which a person assumes mastery and leadership roles) and traditionalism (following authority) strong genetic ties while social closeness and achievement did not -identical separated twins act similar despite no contact with each other
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Psych 100 Test 3 notes - Psych 100 Test 3 11/18/2007...

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