Psych 100 Review - Test 4

Psych 100 Review - Test 4 - Mod 48 Normal Vs Abnormal:...

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Mod 48 Normal Vs Abnormal: Making the Distinction Defining abnormality -Abnormality as deviation from the average statistically based approach, observe behaviors deviate from normal (abnormal) a definition of abnormality that rests on deviation from the average is insufficient -Abnormality as deviation from the ideal compare abnormality in relation to standard ppl are trying to achieve standards change over time and vary across cultures making this approach inadequate -Abnormality as a sense of personal discomfort more useful, psychological consequences of behavior for the individual. Behavior is abnormal if produces a sense of personal distress, anxiety, or guilt or harmful Drawback: some people feel wonderful in particular forms of mental disturbance -Abnormality as the inability to function effectively people who cant function and adapt to society are abnormal a woman who chooses to be homeless is abnormal and not functional to society -Abnormality as a legal concept insanity is legal not psychological definition of insanity varies place to place -abnormal behavior : behavior that causes people to express distress and prevents them from functioning in their daily lives Perspectives on Abnormality Medical perspective: suggest when an individual displays symptoms of abnormal behavior, the root cause will be found in a physical examination of the individual, which may reveal a hormonal imbalance, chemical deficiency, or brain injury. Many abnormal behaviors have linked to biological causes, it is a reasonable approach yet no biological cause identified for many forms of abnormal behavior Psychoanalytical behavior: suggests that abnormal behavior stems from childhood conflicts over opposing wishes regarding sex and aggression. Scrutinzes early life history. No conclusive way to link childhood experience with abnormal behavior as adults. Shows people as not being able to control behavior. More than any other approach it highlights he facts that people can have a rich involved inner life and that prior experiences can have a profound effect on current psychological functioning. Behavioral perspective: looks at the behavior itself as the problem. Behavior as response to stimuli. Emphasis on observational behavior is greatest strength and weakness: Precise examination Ignores thoughts, attitudes, emotions as contributions Cognitive perspective : suggests that people’s thoughts and beliefs are central component of abnormal behavior External behavior AND cognitions Possible that cognitions are symptoms not causes. Negative beliefs may not be irrational, but reflect unpleasant enviros. Humanistic perspective: emphasizes the responsibility people have for their own behavior, even when such behavior is abnormal Focus on the relationship of the individual to society considering how people view themselves to others and their place in the world. Look for meaning a self-worth BUT don’t look for a CURE as long as not hurting people
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Psych 100 Review - Test 4 - Mod 48 Normal Vs Abnormal:...

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