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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 11 Congress Congress as a career: National G is source of power. Hard to get but staying in is relatively easy. Service Strategy : Use of personal staff by members of Congress to perform serv- ices for constituents in order to gain their support in future elections. Gerrymandering : The process by which the party in power draws election district boundaries in a way that advantages their candidate. Party caucus : A group that consists of a party s members in the House or Senate and that serves to elect the party s lead- ership, set policy goals, and determine party strategy. Every congress member is part of a party caucus. Senate Majority Leader: heads majority caucus. formulates party agenda and en- courages party members to support it. not chamber leader because the vice prez is. (vp only allowed to vote to break a tie) Conference committees : Temporary committees formed to bargain over the differences in the House and Senate ver- sions of a bill. A committee s members are usually appointed from the House and Senate standing committees that originally worked on the bill. Can t be amended after this point. House Rules Committee: determines when bill will be voted on, how long the debate will last, whether the bill receives closed rule (no amendments), open rule (amendments permitted), or some- thing in between (only certain sections open to amendment). Rider : An amendment to a bill that deals with an issue unrelated to the content of the bill. Riders are permitted in the Sen- ate but not the House. Logrolling: The trading of votes between legislators so that each gets what he or she most wants. Incumbency: Already in ofFce Open-seat election: An election in which there is no incumbent in the race. House/Senate QualiFcations: House: must be 25 yrs. old & 7 yrs. of U.S. citi- zenship. Senate: 30 yrs. old & 9 yrs. a citizen. both from state of representation. 100 members in senate, 435 in house. Senate? Majority Leader : elected by senate or house?. acts as the partys floor leader, organizing the bill debates + getting legislative support. Seniority : A member of Congresss con- secutive years of service on a particular committee. who has the most yrs. has sen- iority. time on committee not congress. Committee jurisdiction: the policy area in which a particular congressional committee it is authorized to act. Cloture: A parliamentary maneuver that, if a three-Ffths majority votes for it, limits Senate debate to thirty hours and has the effect of defeating a Flibuster. Veto: The president s rejection of a bill, thereby keeping it from becoming law un- less Congress overrides the veto by a 2/3 vote. If law not signed within 10 days, it becomes a law if congress in session: pocket veto Oversight function: is the job of over- sight to assure that proper duties to pro- tect are put in place, that the manage- ment measures the effectiveness of the protection program in fulfilling those du- ties, and that management adapts the...
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