Migration, Week 9 - Womens Migration in the Context of Globalization International Migration A global phenomenon that is growing in scope complexity and

Migration, Week 9 - Womens Migration in the Context of...

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Women’s Migration in the Context of Globalization 04/08/2015 ° ° International Migration A global phenomenon that is growing in scope, complexity, and impact in the past few decades It is both a cause and effect of broader development processes and an intrinsic feature of our ever globalizing world The rise on global mobile, the growing complexity of migratory process and its impact on countries, migrants, families and *** There is a large share of migrants from developing countries that migrate and live in other developing countries Globally, more than 210 million people are estimated to be migrating There are diverse reasons for migrating, but labour migration driven by large economic and social inequalities in the world is a key aspect in this context ° ° Women in migration In 2010, around 105million of the 210million migrant population were women In the past, role of women in migration process has been largely neglected Understanding gender(sex) is critical in the migration context A common misconception o Men migrate and women stay at home o Assumed that young economically motivated males migrated o Women’s role was assumed to be insignificant Women, old and young, single and married, migrate*** In 1960 and estimated 35 million women were migrants (47%) In 2010, the equivalent figure was estimated at around 105million (50%)
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° ° Different types of Migration Orderly permanent migration o It is legal migration form one country to another without eventual return Return migration o Return to their country of origin Forced migration o Natural disasters, political asylum Irregular migration o Migrants seek to gain a new country or area of residence by irregular means Smuggling, coyotes Trafficking: forced migration of people Short-term or seasonal migration o A result of the search for livelihood ° ° International Migration of Women Provides opportunities, mobility, stability Can expose them to exploitation, abuse, and exclusion Women tend to face multiple challenge adverse conditions in the process of migration Causes of Migration
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Women migrate for a multitude of reasons o Economic and political context of the country of origin Women’s rights restricted Unemployment Agricultural industry towards industries unaccepting of women Increasing poverty o Feminization of poverty o Persistent gender inequalities o Personal factors Secure their own or their family’s livelihood, health, or security Improve their living standards Career opportunities Increase their personal freedom through escaping political troubles Chain Migration o Social networks in receiving nations o Following family and friends Receiving countries o Immigration policies o Labour market o Social policies also contribute to defining patterns of migration °
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° Migration: Export Sector
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  • Fall '08
  • Detemple,J
  • Globalization, Human migration, Women migrants

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