HIST 1015 Midterm Study Guide - HIST 1015 Midterm Study...

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HIST 1015 Midterm Study Guide Terms1. CahokiaRose around 1100 ADPopulation estimates around 10,000- 30,000Built mounds Did not have a writing system 2. Mesa VerdeAnasazi culture Population at height around 1,000 ADGrew corn and built astronomical observatories Nomadic Paleo-Indians 3. virgin soil epidemicPopulations at risk have no previous contact with the diseaseNatives had no defense against European diseasesNo immunity = extremely high death rates 80-95% died in first 130 years after Columbus arrived 4. Bartolomé de las CasasThe “Black Legend” oSpanish were cruel, corrupt and exploited Natives Wanted to protect natives from destruction oProposed alternative labor force: Africans Later in life he began to see slavery as evil 5. Indentured servitude4-7 years to pay off debt of getting to America Contracts bought, sold or leased Could be beaten Freed after time was served oChildren do not become slaves oCash payment Shortage of indentured servants leads to turn to slavery oDidn’t want to pay high wages oDidn’t want to give them land after serving time 6. Bacon’s RebellionArmed rebellion led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkley in Virginia 1676Berkeley failed to address the demands of colonists regarding safety and wouldn’t allow colonists to move west Replaced indentured servants with slaves b/c of alliance between servants 7. Middle passagePassage between Africa and the new world More than 7 weeksRevolts onboard Many died 10-20%oMalnutrition, disease and dehydration
8. William PennQuaker who founded Pennsylvania Government frame 1681oReligious freedom oAll men with property could vote and hold office Treaty with Natives, paying them for land Attracts diverse population Wheat farmingoWest indies trade oUse of indentured servants and slaves Larger farms than in New England 9. PuritansNew England Migrated b/c of religious motivesGreat migration from 1620-1640 Family labor force Subsistence farming, fishing, shipping Full member in society = full member in church Emphasis on godly living and community Outsiders not accepted Even gender distribution Early marriages 75% of land owned by small number of nobles and gentry 10. French and Indian War (Seven Years’ War) 1754-63Rivalries between French and British oHabsburg empire revolts oReligious divisions Virginia and Pennsylvania looking to expand into Ohio CountryCompeting claims French good relations with natives b/c of trade Consequences oFrance forced out of America oSpain gets Florida, England gets New Orleans 11. Proclamation of 1763After 7 years war Prohibits expansion west of Appalachian mountains oTrying to avoid another costly war British debt double of what it was prewar 12. Stamp Act1765 tax on printed materials Papers began printing fake stamps on their pages

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