HIST 1015 Final Exam Study Guide - Terms 1 Cane Ridge...

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Terms1. Cane Ridge RevivalLarge camp meeting held at Cane Ridge Kentucky 1801Religious – 2ndGreat Awakening Cane ridge a church east of Lexington 20000 people 2. The Federalist Party1790s led by GW and alexander Hamilton Political divisions are bad Financial program to stimulate economy and manufacturing oSupported by wealthy French revolution – didn’t support b/c it was more radical Focus on relations with Great BritainoTrade in Atlantic Not worried about Westward expansion 3. Henry Clay’s “American System”Leader of the Whig party Following the War of 1812 Government sponsored integrated economic program to balance nations agriculture, commerce and industry o3 parts Tariff to protect and promote American industry National bank to foster commerceFederal subsidies for roads, canals and other improvements oPublic lands in west sold to be used for education and internal improvements 4. John C. CalhounPolitician during 1sthalf of 19thcentury – S. Carolina Congressman Defends slavery- good for Africans b/c it civilized them and is better than white urban labor Building of infrastructureDefends states’ rights – nullification prices oCongress tariff law 1830s S. Carolina won’t pay tariffs 5. Cotton ginEli Whitney got the idea from a cotton comb idea from a slave 1794Clean short staple cotton by removing the seeds from the fibersCaused an increase in slavery 6. Erie CanalCompleted 1825Government paid infrastructure Connects Lake Erie to Hudson river oTransportation 7. Slater’s Mill1789 Pennsylvania legislature placed ad in English newspapers offering cash to textile workers who would migrate to state Samuel Slater came to AmericaoWorked for Moses Brown (a Quaker merchant) as a manager
Mill opened in 1790o7 boys and 2 girls worked there from ages 7-12Whipped or sprinkled them with waterSundays attended schoolMarked beginning of widespread movement to consolidate manufacturing operations under oneroof Child labor, unmarried women oIndependent income, female companionship 8. Lowell MillsBuilt by Francis Cabot Lowell who an Boston importer 1813 sketched British textile machinery and build factory in Walthalm MAoEmployed on women of high moral standardLowell girls 9. Denmark VeseySkilled slave carpenter Won lottery and purchased his freedom in 1799oUnable to buy wife and family out of slavery 1822 alleged ringleader of a planned slave revolt in Charleston, SCoSaid to have planned to kill slaveholders, liberate slaves and sail to Haiti Judged guilty by secret proceedings in city appointed Court and condemned to death oHung 10. American Colonization SocietyFounded in 1816 to assist free black people in emigrating to Africa Reverend Robert Finley- Presbyterian minister oBelieved that blacks would never fully integrate into American society Continued to work until after Civil War oEstablish colony of LiberiaTransported ~12,000 blacks 11. William Lloyd Garrison

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