exam 4 - EXAM #4 STUDY GUIDE Chapter 8: Neonate reflexes:...

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EXAM #4 STUDY GUIDE Chapter 8: Neonate reflexes:  Neonatal behavior is reflexive (automatic) 2 rules: Cephalo Caudal=”head to tail”; Proximo  Distal= “near to far” Whether development can be sped up or slowed down: Can be sped up within limits, and slowed but can catch up. Habituation:  a decrease in response or attention to a stimulus as an infant becomes accustomed to it.  Temperament:  Characteristics way to responding; three categories- easy, difficult, and slow. Harlow’s experiments:  Research with monkeys- mother and peers are necessary to development. Attachment:  the emotional bond between infant and caregiver is the first form of love. Stranger vs. separation anxiety:  Stranger- deals with were child has problems with new environments;  Separation- does not want to be left alone without primary caregiver Ainsworth’s attachment styles:  Securely attached, avoidant, resistant, and disorganized. Organization- Piaget’s term for mental process that uses specific  experiences to make inferences that can be generalized to new experiences; Scheme- a plan of action, based on previous  experiences, to be used in similar circumstances; assimilation- the mental process by which new objects, events, experiences,  and information are incorporated into existing schemes; equilibration- the mental process that motivates humans to keep  schemes in balance with real environment; accommodation- the mental process of modifying existing schemes and creating  new ones in order to incorporate new objects, events, experiences, and information; Sensory motor stage= action( object  permanence); Preoperational stage= symbolic (conservation); Concrete operation= rules (deduction); Formal operations=  abstract    Hallmarks of preoperational thinking:  Conservation-the glasses. Ones bigger but still holds the same  amount of water.   Hallmarks of early formal operational (teenage) thinking:  Naïve idealism- not very practical;  Personal Fable- exaggerate uniqueness; adolescent egocentrism- self-centered. Socialization: 
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exam 4 - EXAM #4 STUDY GUIDE Chapter 8: Neonate reflexes:...

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