Study Guide Test 2Spring 08

Study Guide Test 2Spring 08 - STUDY GUIDE: TEST #2 FOCUS ON...

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STUDY GUIDE: TEST #2 FOCUS ON - BOLD LITTLE FOCUS – NOT BOLD Lecture The Federalist : Authors/objectives Authors o John Jay Least important contributor Went on to become 1 st Supreme Court Justice o Alexander Hamilton – 1 st Secretary of Treasury o James Madison Jefferson’s Secretary of State 4 th President Objectives o Explain Constitution o Defend Constitution o Lay out theory behind Constitution Series of articles written to convince New Yorkers to adopt the new Constitution Faction: its nature and causes Group of citizens – of whatever size – who united by a common interest or passion seek laws inconsistent with justice and the common good What separates self-government from justice Underlying cause of failure of self-government Solving problem of factions = solving problem of self government with justice Solutions to controlling faction that Publius rejects Create a will in the community independent of the majority Have enlightened statesmen Written guarantees in constitution against faction Rely on religious and moral motives Nature of pure democracy, why the effects of faction cannot be controlled in pure Democracy System of government where the citizens actually write laws and administer government Small size o Population o Actual size Simple undiversified economy Leads to majority faction government Nature of republic and how it differs from pure democracy Representative democracy
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People have representatives that write laws and administer government Larger in population and size Complex and diverse economy Don’t erase factions but make harder to have majority faction Minority Factions o Less harmful than majority o Harder to control government Effects of pluralism on decision-making Decisions harder or easier? o Makes decisions harder o Longer time to decide o More disagreements o Pluralism = diversity Because a republic is a large the decision making process is slowed down Why slow is good? o Forces us to calm down and not make hasty decisions o Creates window of opportunity for deliberation o Creates incentive for deliberation Larger size means increased diversity (economic) Prevents immediate formation of majority faction Helps us select the right kind of leaders What is deliberation and its role in Publius' solution Reasoned Judgment If there is not a majority faction how can a consensus be reached o Publius argues that a consensus can be formed by reasoned discussion o Deliberation (debate of a particular kind) Reasoned discussion is a high standard for debate o Not the same as arguing o Not the same as fighting Acts as a filter for passions and interests Deliberative process is how we sort out who factions are – gradually – reasoned judgment by the community about what is good and just (self – realization) Publius puts a great deal of faith in the deliberative process
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Study Guide Test 2Spring 08 - STUDY GUIDE: TEST #2 FOCUS ON...

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