Personality Theories

Personality Theories - Personality Theories Psych 1000...

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Personality Theories Psych 1000 18/03/2008 18:03:00 What is Personality? Personality – enduring patterns of thoughts and behaviors that occur across  most settings  Issues in the Study of Personality  Nature vs. Nurture o Are people born with certain personalities, or do they develop them  through experience? State vs. Trait o Are the ways people act due the the situations and emotional states  they are currently in, or are they due to unchangeable traits about who  the person is? Personality Theories Schools of Thought Psychoanalytic Theories – focus on unconscious drive Learning Theories – focus on learning o Includes behavioral and Cognitive Theories Humanistic Theories – focus on individual motivation  Trait Theories – focus on permanent characteristics  Psychoanalytic Theories Sigmund Freud – an Austrian neurologist who invented psychoanalysis. o His colleague, Josef Breuer, told him the case of Anna O., one of his  patients who was able to overcome her hysterical symptoms (difficulty  moving her arms and legs, blurry vision, stress) by discussing  traumatic memories while hypnotized. Through studying hypnotized patients, many whom did not remember what  they talked about while hypnotized, Freud and Breuer “discovered” the  unconscious mind. Instead of relying on hypnosis, Freud began to use free association to tap into 
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYCH 1000 taught by Professor Karsten during the Spring '05 term at Western Michigan.

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Personality Theories - Personality Theories Psych 1000...

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