SOC100 Final - Chapter 1 Emile Durkheims view of social...

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Chapter 1Emile Durkheim’s view of social problems and their causesIt said the more ties there are between people in a society, the less social problems they'll have.Durkheim concluded that the suicide rates of a society reflected the extent to which people were or were not integrated into the group life of the society.Names of famous micro-sociologistsPierre Bourdieu, Mead, Cooley, Max Weber, Harold Garfinkel, Irving GoffmanComponents of a scientific theoryA critical辩辩辩 component of a scientific theory is that it provides explanations and predictions that can be tested.Functionalism: each part of society in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole society. Each part of society is functional for the stability of the whole society.Interactionism: It focuses on the concrete details of what goes on among individuals in everyday life. It focus on small scale. The interactionist perspective is the theory that people develop their beliefs, identities and values according to individual and small group interactions.Functionalism looks at the large structures in our society while interactionism looks at the way in which individuals act within the societyConflict Theory-society is driven and constantly reshaped by large scale social conflict-how groups acquire/use power-large scale social change, inequalityChapter 2Dependent/independent variables-Variables that can be manipulated辩辩-Variables that are caused by the independent variableWhat is internal validity? Only shows that you have evidence to suggest that a study had some effect on the observation and results. Internal validity occurs
when it can be concluded that there is a causal relationshipbetween the variables being studied.The accuracy of conclusions in an experiment- how true they turn out to be.measurement bias A form of non-sampling error used in research, which occurs when information collected for use as a study variable is inaccurate. measurements in an experiment that are swayed to favor one side.measurement errorDifferencebetween the actual value of a quantity and the value obtained by a measurement. Random error in an experiment.Reliabilitythe likelihood that you'll get consistent results in an experimentsampling biassome people are favored when being chosen for an experiment- they're more likely to be pickedsampling erroris the deviation辩辩 of the selected sample from the true characteristics, traits, behaviors, qualities or figures of the entire population.Sampling error can be decreased due to the increasing simple sizesSampling bias cannot be avoided due to the increasing size of samplePurpose of control variablescontrol variables are something you keep the same in an experiment in order to determine the independent and dependent variablesChapter 3Theoretical views towards culturefunctionalist perspective, which emphasizes the way in which the parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability.

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