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Psyc 2040 Test 1

Psyc 2040 Test 1 - Psyc 2040-1 social psyc scientific study...

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Psyc 2040-1 8/29/06 ● social psyc –scientific study of how people think, feel, act, interact, and influence each other - focuses on the individual w/in a given social situation - sociology looks at large group behavior and systems in society - biology examines the role of genetics in behavior - anthropology investigates physical and cultural development of a species - history determines how economic, political, and technological trends influence behavior ● scientific method –is the process of gaining empirical support for explanation of phenomena - 4 steps involved: 1. identify phenomena to study 2. develop testable research hypothesis 3. design research study 4. carry out research study ● watched video - fundamental attribution error ● experimental v. correlational research - experimental -correlational ● independent variable manipulated ● no i.v. manipulation ● random assignment ● no r.a. ● causal relationships ● no c.r. ● tight control on extraneous variables ● e.v. measured and controlled statistically ● change in dependent variable linked to ● relationship b/w 2 or more change in value of independent variable dependent variables is expored *no causation is correlation ● Model of Social Behavior Social perception and cognition Evaluation of situation Intention to behave a certain way SOCIAL BEHAVIOR Input from social situation Individual characteristics
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9/5/06 ● THE SELF - organized and … - consistent with understanding and prediction of action - is also an evaluative and emotional guide (tells us how we feel in certain situations) - state of consciousness that separates us from everything else - the self is divided 3 ways ● private self - how we see ourselves personally ● public self - how we think others see us ● collective self - how we think people close to us see us - spotlight effect is the belief that others are paying closer attention to us than they really are - illusion of transparency is the belief that others can read our concealed emotions; the concept that everyone knows how we’re feeling without us having to say it - self interest - self concern motivates social behavior because we try to have others view us a certain way - social relationships help define ourselves; we act differently depending on the situation - social surroundings effect social awareness; ex. If we travel abroad we start to think of things that we wouldn’t normally think of in a familiar and comfortable setting - self perception ● components of self concept - personal attributes: characteristics distinguishing an individual from others - possible selves: ideas about what we may be in the future ● organization of the self concept - self-schema: an organization of previous experiences; schemas guide future behavior
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