Socl_3601_-_Exam_2

Socl_3601_-_Exam_2 - Sociology 3601 Exam 2 Scrapbook: -...

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Sociology 3601 – Exam 2 Scrapbook: - Articles from actual newspapers (including Tiger Weekly) - Summarize the article in full (2 paragraphs) o What is it about? o What Sociological concept is illustrated here? o What is the sociological concept? o How does it relate to the article as a whole? - Put it into a scrapbook style folder (3-prong folder) - Published within this semester - Look at his hints and tips in semester book - Use different concepts (variety shows that you learned something) Balance Theory: (Bell) - Describes how we strive for balance or consistency in our lives, our relationships with other people, the various attitudes we have about various things, our attitudes and our behavior o Tim and John are friends, John and Dave are friends---through their mutual friendship with John, Tim and Dave will become friends (balance) Same goes with someone a mutual friend doesn’t like o John and Tim are friends, John and Jeff are friends but Tim and Jeff just don’t get along --- something has to change here --- John has to change his relationship with either Jeff or Tim to restore balance - Cognitive Dissonance = when there is a conflict in our cognitive thoughts it creates a disturbance in our thoughts and emotions o We try to rationalize our behavior and/or thoughts o When our attitudes do not match our behavior, we are more likely to change our attitudes than change out behavior Social Power: - Power = the ability to get other people to do what you want them to do - Three Different Sources of Power: o Control Over Resources = if I have something you need, then I can specify what I want from you in exchange o Control Over People = authority of the person o Use of Force
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Authority (Legitimation of Power) - Traditional Authority = authority based on the way things have always been o Always under question (what if the king doesn’t have a son?) - Charismatic Authority = authority based on the exceptional personal characteristics of the leader o What happens when the leader dies/goes out of power - Rational-Legal Authority = authority set up by formal, legal documents and written laws of the society o Legal code helps the transition between leaders in power (election code) - Expert Authority: based on specialized knowledge or skills that most people don’t have Outside assigned article: Joseph Pleck can find it @ reserve desk @ middleton: Men’s Lives Call # of the book: HQ1090.3 M465 -if someone is exercising power primarily through the use of force, then that power prob. isn’t considered legitimate -the diff. types of authority can be combined ex) George W. Bush has rational legal authority (elected position) but must have charismatic authority to get elected -most social movements start off being led by a charismatic leader, but what happens when that leader is gone? -ex) Jesus, he left behind 12 apostles & other followers who had expert knowledge of his
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Socl_3601_-_Exam_2 - Sociology 3601 Exam 2 Scrapbook: -...

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