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SOCL 2501 - Exam 1

SOCL 2501 - Exam 1 - Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1...

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Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 – Sociological Approach to Social Problems 1. Elements of a Social Problem - 4 elements Cause physical/ mental damage to individuals or society They offend the values/ standards of some powerful segment of society They persist for an extended period of time They generate competing proposed solutions because of varying evaluations from groups in different social positions within society (delaying reaching a consensus on how to attack said problem) 2. Focus of Sociology Does not focus on the mental or emotional states of individuals… Engages in the systematic study of human 3. Person Blame vs. System Blame including consequences (dangers) of use P blame- assumption that social problems result from the pathologies of individuals (the poor are poor cause they’re lazy) Consequences: frees institutions of society from any blame and efforts to change them- “negative stereotypes”- justifies the logic of Social Darwinism S blame- assumption that social problems result from social conditions Consequences: only partial truth, suggest that people are merely robots controlled by social enviroment 4. Sociological Perspectives a. Structural Functionalist: - Society is a system that is made up of a number of interrelated elements, each performing a function that contributes to the operation of the whole - Robert K. Merton: 3 categories of functions Latent functions (hidden consequences) Disfunctions b. Interactionist -Focuses on everyday social interaction among individuals rather than on large scale societal structures -Focuses on how people act toward one another and make sense of their daily lives, viewing society as the sum of the interactions of the individuals and groups c. Conflict (who is responsible for the framework of this theory) -Society consists of different groups who constantly struggle with one another to attain scarce societal resources -Therefore characterized more by conflict than order- Karl Marx
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5. Norms, violations, and deviance o Norms- rules of conduct that guide behavior -the behavior expected of us by the rest of society o Deviance- occurs when norms are violated 6. Preliminary Definition of a Social Problem
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SOCL 2501 - Exam 1 - Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1...

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