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CMST 3115 notes

CMST 3115 notes - Text Ch 1 The Study of Communication...

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Text Ch. 1: The Study of Communication, Gender, and Culture Thursday, August 30, 2007 2:46 PM 1. Differences between men and women a. There are similarities between the sexes and within each sex b. Essentializing - the tendency to reduce something or someone to certain  characteristics that we assume are essential to its nature and present in every  member of a category; what we do when we presume that all members of a sex are  alike in basic respects 2. Relationships among gender, culture, and communication a. Gender, culture, and communication are interlinked b. Sex - a designation based on biology: external genitalia, internal sex organs,  chromosomes i. Biology seldom determines behavior, but rather, it influences behavior ii. Tends to endure over time c. Gender - a social, symbolic construction that expresses the meanings a society  confers on biological sex; a complex set of interrelated cultural ideas that stipulate the  social meaning and expectation of each sex i. Neither innate nor necessarily stable; Learned ii. Variable:  across cultures, over time within a culture, in relation to the  other gender, and over the course of indiv's life spans iii. Depends on society 1. In America: a. Masculine = strong, ambitious, successful, rational, and  emotionally controlled b. Both masculinity and femininity are relatively consistent  with earlier views 2. Bc our society's views of gender permeate public and private life,  we see them as normal, natural, and right iv. A relational concept: Femininity and masculinity make sense in relation to  each other; as meanings of 1 gender change, so do meanings of the other v. We can choose to accept or reject our culture's social meanings of  gender vi. Androgyny - a psychological sex type; tend to identify with and enact  qualities socially ascribed to both women and men d. Intersexed - people who have biological qualities of each sex
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e. Culture - the structures and practices, esp those relating to comm, through which  a particular social order is produced and reproduced by legitimizing certain values,  expectations, meanings, and patterns of behavior i. Bc gender is central to cultural life, a society's views of gender are  reflected and promoted by a range of social structures and practices :  1. COMMUNICATION 2. Cultural practices 3. Institutions a. i.e. schools, judicial system ii. Western culture is patriarchal -  f. Communication - a dynamic, systemic process in which meanings are created  and reflected in and through humans' interactions with symbols i. Dynamic: continually changes and evolves ii. Systemic: occurs in systems which influence how we comm and what 
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