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SOCL 2501 - Chapter 8

SOCL 2501 - Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 Racial-Ethnic Relations...

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February 28, 2008 Chapter 8: Racial-Ethnic Relations Race and Ethnicity Race: A socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that a society defines as important Biological myth of race There is no such thing as pure race Ethnicity Shared cultural heritage While race and ethnicity are different, the two may go together when groups share not only certain physical traits but ethnic traits as well Examples: Korean Americans and Native American New term= Racial-ethnic group The racial and ethnic diversity in the US is a product of immigration The “Great Immigration” extended from the end of the Civil War (1865) until the outbreak of the World War I (1914) “Nativists” opposed immigration as they feared that immigrants might overwhelm neighborhoods and schools Multiracial People 7 million in US describe themselves as multiracial As time goes on, fewer people see on another in rigid racial categories Many people are beginning to categorize themselves as “American” Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice
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February 28, 2008 Attitude Prejudging Usually negative Discrimination Action Treating someone or a group unfairly Minority Groups Groups of people who are singled out for unequal treatment on the basis of their physical or cultural characteristics who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination Characteristics Membership is not voluntary Physical or cultural traits are viewed as inferior by dominant groups Treated unequally by dominant group Tend to marry within their group Group solidarity Objectives of Minority Groups Pluralism- people want to live peacefully with the group they move in on Assimilation- wants to be absorbed into the larger society; want to be seen as an individual Secession- group that might want to be distinguished from other minority groups; seeks cultural and political independence Militancy- when a minority group is convinced it is the superior group; fight for dominance in the society
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February 28, 2008 Policies of Dominant Groups Pluralism- want to get along with everyone but still maintain their culture Assimilation- wants to eliminate the minority group (it has more power) Segregation- attempt to keep the minority in its minority status/place Internal colonialism- refers to exploiting the minority group’s labor Population transfer- direct or indirect; minority groups leaves Direct- forced to leave by the dominant group Indirect- dominant group makes life so miserable for the minority group that they choose to leave Genocide- systematic extermination of a group Racial-Ethnic Relations Racism- a belief system, or ideology, that includes 3 basic ideas (Marger 2000) Humans are divided naturally into different physical types The physical traits associated with each human type are innately
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