SOCL 2501 - Chapter 11

SOCL 2501 - Chapter 11 - 3/25/2008 CH. 11 The changing...

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3/25/2008 CH. 11 The changing family What is a family? Traditionally defined as: -a social unit composed of 2 or more people who live together and are related by blood, marriage, or adoption Many in society ( and in academics) argue against this “traditional” definition b/c it no longer applies Functions of the family Sexual regulation Economic activity Socialization Sexual regulation Incest taboo -rule outlawing sexual relations b/t kin group members believed to be too closely related as defined by the cultural standards of a given society Incest taboo has several functions: -eliminates conflicts and jealousy that would result if there were sexual rivalries within the nuclear family -forces people to marry outside immediate family keeps roles w/in the family clearly defined 1
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Economic activity To be considered reputable members of society, and in many cases simply to survive people must work Work is gender and age related Socialization Social norms force parents to provide socialization for their children -in modern and post industrial societies people tend to be more individualistic, emphasizing individual achievements and autonomy -in developing nations, people are more collectivistic, emphasizing harmonious relationships with others Effects of the industrial revolution on family Men leaving home -the husband/father’s orientation to life changed due to his new separation from the household Children become economic liabilities -no longer help earn $ for family Lower birthrate -creation of condom, families could limit the number of children Rural to urban -followed the movement of jobs Loss of functions -other institutions began to grow stronger and the family was stripped of its traditional functions, the family weakened
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Changes in women’s roles -as her functions reduced, she became the “emotional provider” -greater equality; traditional roles changed “Mr. mom” -longer lives and more intergenerational ties -improved health and lengthened life span -women leaving home for paid employment The scope of the problem Many people in society are bothered by what is happening to the contemporary family How we’ll look at objective conditions What indicators are there that the American family is in trouble? -divorce -1 parent families -other problems Divorce The ratio of 1 divorce for every 2 marriages has remained consistent Different interpretations of divorce statistics: -a sign of weakness or strength? Other concerns Determined effects of divorce on children -divorce is painful for adults and children -remarriage rates 3
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One parent families Births to unmarried women -each year more than one million babies are born to unmarried women -this is 1/3 of all U.S. babies -6x higher than in 1940 -3x higher than in 1970 -2x higher than in 1980
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SOCL 2501 - Chapter 11 - 3/25/2008 CH. 11 The changing...

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