HIST 3071- Exam I Notes

HIST 3071- Exam I Notes - HIST 3071: Louisiana History...

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HIST 3071: Louisiana History Spring 2008 NATIVE AMERICANS IN LOUISIANA: BEFORE AND AFTER EUROPEAN CONTACT ° 10,000 to 5,000 BC-- Paleo-Indians ° 5,000 to 2,000 BC-- Meso-Indians ° 2,000BC to 1700 AD-- Neo Indians ° Neo Indians include: Poverty Point Tchefuncte Marksville Troyville/Coles Creek ° Poverty Point Located in West Carroll Parish Louisiana Constructed around 1500 BC The oldest of the large American Indian mound sites in North America The mounds are notable for their age, size and complexity (constructed at the same time as some Egyptian Pyramids) Mound-building cultures had existed in Louisiana since 4000BC yet none of them built a site as large and complex as the group at Poverty Point. At that time, Poverty Point was the largest earthwork site in what is now America. ° Poverty Point: Location The Choice of Bayou Macon not random Important Food Source-- in fact, ,very large population for a hunter gatherer society Important Transportation Hub Archaeologists have uncovered very sophisticated tools (cooking balls and ceremonial tools etc.) For so long people didn't know what Poverty Point was, so it was farmed for decades until it came into public possession. ° Language Groups and General Location at the time of contact Attakapas- "human flesh eater" -- Far southwest of present day Louisiana Caddoan groups-- on modern Texas/Louisiana border Tunica-- East of the Caddo into modern-day Arkansas and Mississippi Natchez--northeast LA and south Mississippi Muskegeon- Florida Parishes and south to the river delta below New Orleans (includes the Houma) Chitimacha- extreme southern regions of the state west of the Mississippi--swamp dwellers ° The Impact of European Arrival Alters previous alliances Alters territorial understandings Alters the biological balance (disease) Alters the material culture of the region ° Native Americans through Europeans Eyes Alexandre de Batz Origins obscure Arrived in Louisiana (probably New Orleans) in the late 1720s "Engineer for the King" (1733) Worked in much of the lower Mississippi Valley (as far north as Arkansas and Illinois where he died in 1759.) 1
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° Antoine-Simon Le Page du Pratz Born in either France or the Netherlands Came to Louisiana in 1718 and remained until 1734 A concessionaire--received a grant for a piece of land to farm and raise a plantation - First plantation was around Bayou St. John - In the early 1720s he goes to Natchez and spends several years with the Natchez Indians Worked as an engineer and architect as well as a plantation manager Published Histoire de la Louisiane in 1758 ° Frontier Exchange Economy A concept developed by historian Daniel Usner Allows us to SEE Native Americans and their interactions with colonists from THEIR perspective as well as from the French colonizers perspective(s); even though we have to rely on records
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HIST 3071- Exam I Notes - HIST 3071: Louisiana History...

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