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Unformatted text preview: LA History January 17,2008 Native Americans in Louisiana: Before and After European Contact Pre Contact Native Americans 10,000 to 6000 BC- Paleo-Indians 6500 to 2000 BC - Meso-Indians 2000bc to 1700 AD- Neo-Indians Neo-Indians built mounds, to celebrate and took part in ritual Poverty Point: Located in West Carroll Parish, Louisiana (north Louisiana) Significance:-constructed ca. 1500 BC-At that time, Poverty Point was the largest earthwork site in what is now United States/America-Its mounds are notable for their age,size, and complexity that gives them distinction-Mound building cultures had existed in Louisiana since 4000BC but none built a site large and complex as the group at Poverty Point-people in 1950s farmed that area, John Gibson was archaeologist said it was as high as 70 ft, several large mounds, ridges expand out to 6 miles-The choice of Bayou Macon not random-Abundant food sources-Important Trade and Transportation Hub-smart choice at that time, that particular channel allowed them to take pirogues to travel as far as Missouri and Arkansas, these people were intelligent about the natural world because they traded and made tools, thousands ceremonial figures with bodies, at one time it was a plantation and is now a very poor and not used part of the state Native American Groups and Locations at the time of Contact pp16-21 in text book Attakapas- human flesh eater southwest region of present day Louisiana Caddoan- north of attakapas on modern Texas-Louisiana Border Tunica-east of Caddo into modern day Arkansas and Mississippi Natchez- Muskhogen Chitmakha The Impact of European Arrival-alters previous alliances-alters territorial understandings and locations-alters biological balance(disease)-carried pathogens in form of influenza and small pox-alters the material culture of the region-stuff people produce and have in daily lives Ex- weapons- Indians used bow and arrow and Europeans used iron Native American through European Eyes-almost everything historians know about native Americans we know about from European records and observations Two Examples:-Alexandre De Batz (in Louisiana 1729 to 1759)-Antoine-Simon Le Page du Pratz(in Louisiana 1730s to 1750s)- wrote history of Louisiana, did amazing drawings of what villages were like, places of spiritual celebration, native Americans were different from one another, Africans coming and mixing with natives-material culture changes b/c of drawing with knife. Diversity among native Americans Le Page Du Pratz- in book published in 1758- does that from France, what he saw, figures strangely European looking, division of labor among men and women, most of labor and fatigue falls to women-cooking, raising children. Men hunt and plays games. Communal Dance- religious ceremonies and sang, took care of dead and in memory of dead they would strangle people to go with the dead Frontier Exchange Economy:-Concept developed by historian Daniel Usner-allows us to see historical events from native American perspective even though we have to rely...
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