Sociology 2501 - TEST 1

Sociology 2501 - TEST 1 - Sociology 2501 Study Guide Test 1...

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Sociology 2501 Study Guide – Test 1 Preliminary definition of a Social Problem: A problem is a social condition that has negative consequences for  individuals out social world, or our physical world. Americans tend to turn social problems into personal problems and deal  with them by trying to find who is at fault. The sociological approach is often utilized to look at problems in a social  perspective rather than as personal.  A social problem has objective and subjective realities: -The objective  reality of a social problem comes from  acknowledging that the particular social condition does exist.  -The subjective  reality of a social problem addresses how a  problem becomes defined as a problem; this idea is based  on the  concept of the social construction of reality. Four Elements of a Social Problem 1) They cause physical or mental damage to individuals or society. 2) They offend the values or standards of some powerful segment of society. 3) They persist for an extended period of time. 4) They generate competing proposed solutions because of varying  evaluations from groups in different social positions within society. (delays  reaching consensus on how to attack the problem) Majority vs. Marginalized Why is the opinion of the marginalized important in the analysis of social  problems? The majority’s opinion may be inaccurate or even part of the problem. People are often blind to systemic injustices that benefit them. Person-Blame The assumption that social problems result from then pathologies of individuals. Frees the institutions of society from any blame and efforts to change  them. Controls “problem” people in ways that reinforce negative stereotypes. Legitimates person-control programs. Justifies the logic of social Darwinism.
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(example)  Children in a slum at school who constantly fail .  The person-blame points to the  cultural deprivation. They do not do well in school because their families speak different dialects,  because their parents are uneducated, because they have not been exposed to the educational  benefits available to middle-class children. In other words, the defect is in the children and their  families. System-Blame The assumption that social problems result from social conditions. A need to balance the perspective of the average citizen, police and  legislators who typically use the person-blame approach. The system is the subject matter of sociology, not the individual.
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Sociology 2501 - TEST 1 - Sociology 2501 Study Guide Test 1...

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