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POLI 222 1st exam study notes

POLI 222 1st exam study notes - POLI 222 1st exam study...

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POLI 222 1 st exam study notes: - Definitions: - Partisanship – the psychological sense of belonging to a specific party - Conservatism – favours free-enterprise, preservation of tradition, establishment of social institutions, collective group rights rather than individual, wants evolution and not revolution, the economy should generally be left alone from govt intervention, lower taxes, resistant to change in general, conservatives are elitist collectivists, (the whole is greater than the sum of its parts) - Reform Party rejected special status for Quebec, aboriginal self-government, gay/lesbian demands - Socialism – collectivism, egalitarianism and equality of condition, equal access to a childcare system to which every citizen contributes equally, more government regulation in the economy - Liberalism – free-markets, social order is not important, wants multiculturalism, many individual rights, minimal level of social welfare, analyzes the individual more - Less extremist liberal views have more restrictions on the markets - (these isms can change a lot over time, the conservative of the past does not necessarily agree with the conservative of today) - Fragment theory – there are a mix of these isms in any society - There are arguments between groups within the isms - i.e. – social democrats are the socialist right, they have more tolerance for free markets - brokerage politics – parties appeal to a wide range of interests to get enough support to get into power in government
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- Red Tory – more democratic and egalitarian than a traditional conservative, less comfortable with free markets - New Right – favours moral conservatism and market liberalism (Margaret Thatcher, Ronald Reagan, Brian Mulroney) - Reform Party – created in 1986-87 – “The West wants in!” – a conservative party - Populism – politics that defends the interests of citizens against special interests - Nationalism – a group identification of a unique collective identity, idea of a shared community, includes culture and language, often emotional and not rational - Ethnic nationalism – based on race, the natural nation is an ethnic one according to this, this cannot be true in Canada since ethnic nations overlap - Civic nationalism – identity based on values of the community, as long as you hold the values your ethnicity does not matter, education of values is important, this is a more open ended nationalism - Federalism –division of power with two levels of government in the same space, all provinces are equal - Compact theories: the idea that Canada is either a compact of two nations (French and English) or a compact of different provinces - Post-colonial theory: studies between European nations and aboriginals in the modern period and the impact of imperialism and colonialism and the effects on power - Indian – First Nations Canada who are either Status Indians, non-Status Indians or Treaty Indians - Non-Status Indian – someone who considers themselves a cultural or ethnic Indian but does not fall under the Indian Act definition -
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POLI 222 1st exam study notes - POLI 222 1st exam study...

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