POLI 222 2nd Exam Study Notes

POLI 222 2nd Exam - POLI 222 2nd Exam Study Notes Electoral systems Different electoral systems create different ways in which parties compete with

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POLI 222 2 nd Exam Study Notes: - Electoral systems: - Different electoral systems create different ways in which parties compete with each other for political power - There are always different formulae to transfer votes into seats in any electoral system - There will always be some sort of distortion - You have to choose a formula that has more favourable distortions - Electoral reform is difficult because the party in power does not want to change the system – it probably favours them - 2 types of electoral systems: - Proportional – allocation of seats based on votes cast for each candidate - This is good because it is more accurately representative and because non-regional issues are addressed more in the election and campaign periods - This is bad because it creates many weak coalition governments, it can also be more complicated to deal with - Non-proportional: (single member plurality), elected official only needs a plurality of the vote, not a majority - PROS: it creates stable majority governments, more government stability, it is easier to count the votes and it is easier for the voters - CONS: rewards regional parties (i.e. – Bloc Quebecois) - Party list system: - Voters are presented with a slate of candidates (controlled by the party) and they choose which ones they want to vote for - Single transfer voting: - You rank all of the candidates - Candidates need a certain number of #1 votes to get elected, if your #1 does not get elected, it goes to your #2 vote - PROS: reasonable representation of parties, more responsive representatives as a result - CONS: can lead to weak parties, is very long and complicated to count votes - Ground rules for partisan competition:
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- Just because there are elections does not mean that there is democracy - Parties must: integrate citizens (get people involved), recruit for the leaders of tomorrow, bring together different interests (brokerage politics), organize public opinion, develop policies and an agenda, structure the vote, organize government - Political competition systems in Canada: - Confederation to end of WWI: - Pre-democratic rule, two party system, Liberals only became consolidated under Wilfrid Laurier, civil service positions awarded for loyalty to parties, not merit like it is today - Only male property owners could vote - End of WWI-1957 (Diefenbaker govt) - Inclusion of more men and women in voting rights - More democratic - West emerges as a political/economic region - Often conflict with interests between west and Quebec/Ontario - Rise of farmers’ parties - 1957-1993 - Rise of CCF, Social Credit, Progressives - Liberals consolidate in Quebec - More political advertising - Third party system is called the Diefenbaker Revolution - NDP is consolidated as a party - This is known as a “2 plus” party system - Election of Chretien government in ’93 to present: - Rise of Bloc Quebecois and Reform Party - Progressive Conservatives won only 2 seats - Change for party finances in 2003 – parties got funds based on how many votes they won in the last election - Issue 13: Is MMP Good for Canada?
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course POLI 222 taught by Professor Sholtz during the Winter '08 term at McGill.

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POLI 222 2nd Exam - POLI 222 2nd Exam Study Notes Electoral systems Different electoral systems create different ways in which parties compete with

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