JA 360 Exam 2 Review

JA 360 Exam 2 Review - JA 360 - Juvenile Justice Exam 2...

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JA 360 - Juvenile Justice Exam 2 – Study Guide October 3, 2007 Chapter 4: Intake and Diversion 1. Who handles intake? Who was the typical intake officer in the past? Who is the typical intake officer today? How is the final decision made? a. Intake officers handle intake responsibility. They may be juvenile probation officers, local or state prosecutors, judges, police officers, or any person designated by the juvenile court. There are four ways intake decisions are usually made: i. Probation officers makes final decision to petition or divert case ii. Prosecutor makes final decision to petition or divert the case iii. Probation officer makes initial decision but prosecutor has final iv. Probation officer handles minor cases that are usually diverted and the prosecutor handles major (serious) cases usually petitioned b. In the past probation officers were usually the intake officers. Their responsibilities are now usually found at the early stages of intake and the prosecutors handle most final decisions on how to proceed with the case. 2. Currently, what is the focus of intake decisions? a. Intake decisions today focus more on legal issues such as the amount and quality of evidence, the legal requirements needed for formal processing, and the jurisdictional authority of the court. 3. Who makes a delinquency referral to the intake officer? How do state laws affect referral? a. Police are usually the referral source (85% of the time) but in some states parents, victims, school officials, probation officers, and ordinary citizens may refer a youth directly to an intake office for processing. State law dictates who may or may not directly refer juveniles to intake. 4. What criteria are evaluated at the intake conference? What can result from an intake conference? a. Intake conferences are informal gatherings, usually held at a local juvenile probation office, where the juvenile is encouraged to be honest and forthcoming with information concerning the alleged delinquency. Officers evaluate a number of criteria to determine the best method to resolve the case i. Amount and quality of evidence ii. Alleged current offense iii. Prior juvenile record iv. Problems at home or school v. Age, maturity, and attitude of the juvenile vi. Parental ability to control their child vii. Input from the victim
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5. What is Adjustment? a. Adjustment means that the case is handled informally, with the juvenile voluntarily agreeing to a disposition without facing an adjudication hearing. 6. What kind of cases are involved in formal processing a. Cases where the crime is serious (serious misdemeanors and all felonies) and where enough evidence indicates that the juvenile committed the crime 7. What is a delinquency petition? a.
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JA 360 Exam 2 Review - JA 360 - Juvenile Justice Exam 2...

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